What are different type of UVB bulb for Iguanas?


There is a common misconception is that people believe they purchase any type of incandescent bulb that it emits heat, it should emit UVB as well. It may be right but not all the case. There are many products of bulbs out there that has a similar spectrum, but not provide enough amount of UVB iguanas need.

So what is the most suitable UVB buld for your Iguanas? It is always better to purchase on the best UVB light for Iguanas that are specially designed for reptiles. Each type of UVB bulb has their own pros and cons but they should be emitting around 5% of UVB to meet the Iguanas need.

#1 Linear Fluorescent Lighting

This is the most common type of UVB bulb on the market that has been around the longest. Linear fluorescents do a good job of producing low to moderate levels of UVB. While not the strongest UVB producing bulbs on the market.

5.0 linear fluorescent bulb are good for Iguanas and they also can be able to cover a large range insider the tank. 5.0 UVB bulbs are designed to emulate moderate UVB levels, which ideal for iguanas.

The drawback of Linear Fluorescent Lighting is that they tent to lost their UVB after 6 months. That means you should replace Linear Fluorescent UVB Bulbs every 6 months, although many manufacturers suggest these bulbs remain usable for 12 months.

#2 Mercury vapor bulbs

Mercury vapor bulbs emit both heat and UVB. Mercury Vapor bulbs are relatively long lived, they can emit enough amount of UVB for your pets for about 12-18 months without need to be replaced.

Mercury Vapor bulbs produce intense UVB and heat. This also can be a drawback as the heat production make them more prefer for full sun animals such as bearded dragons than the animals that require cooler temperatures like Iguanas. However, if you use it in the large Iguanas terrarium, it can work great.

There is a note if you want to use Mercury vapor bulbs for Iguanas that you should place it further from the cage for about 18-12 inches, but base it on the heat emission intensity and how your iguana reacts to it.

#3 Compact Fluorescent Lighting

This is a good, affordable UVB bulb that can fit into just about any fixture on the market. However, the drawback of this UVB bulb is low UVB output and narrow focus. Due to this, you should use a fixture with a reflector will greatly increase the amount of UVB.

Generally specking, Compact Fluorescent UVB bulbs are not very efficient and producing UVB radiation in compare with the other types of UVB bulb. They should be use only above or near your iguana’s basking spot. Compact Fluorescent UVB bulbs should be replaced every 6 months.

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What should I look for in the label of ferret food?


Ferret require a diet of meat products that are typically high in, rich in healthy fats (for energy), low in carbohydrates and fiber. But this is just a guide, it is not easy to obtain good quality commercial ferret foods available out there.

The best diet for ferret is to always leave dry, pelleted food with them. However, you should carefully read the label of the food products and make sure that the product you choose is formulated specifically for ferrets, contain most nutritious ingredients, and rich in nutrients. Don’t be afraid to check the back of the bag and make sure you are getting what your ferret needs.

#1 Ingredients

You should need to read the ingredient list on the packet to make sure that the pellets are made of the most nutritious ingredient. In the ingredient list, the ingredients are listed from highest to lowest quantity.

Due to this, the best food for ferret should contain a meat source such as chicken or lamb as the main ingredient (not fish). They should always be the first ingredient in the list. Besides, avoid foods that include grain or corn.

#2 Protein

Look for a minimum of 35% to 40% protein according to the nutrition analysis on the label. In the first 6 ingredients, you should ensure that there are any things that do not have high-quality proteins or fats. Beware the use of corn gluten, soy meal, rice gluten, and other vegetable or grain-based proteins that may boost the protein content, but are not useful to ferrets.

Another option for providing the protein your ferret needs is with kitten food. This has high protein, and is a suitable base diet for ferrets.

#3 Healthy fats

Your ferret needs at least 20% fat in its diet, up to 30%. Poultry fat is a good source of fat as it balanced in omega 6 and omega 3 fatty acids. This is a difficult part to determine the fat contents of ferret food due to its label of ingredient list or nutritional analysis. The fatty acid quality and balance are affected by processing as well.

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What is the best red eared slider food brand?


To ensure that you are providing proper nutrition that supports strong growth and a healthy long-lived red eared slider, you will need to feed a variety of diets and the best red eared slider food. Commercial diets make up about 25% of your pet’s total diet.

There are several brands offering highly nutritious blends that you can offer your pet. This post provides you with only the best choices of red eared slider food as well as guide you on how to choose the right one.

#1 Commercial food diet suggestions

There are some famous brands of red eared slider food that I would like to recommend:

Zoo Med: Food products of zoo med are committed as contain all-natural ingredients. They are include soybean meal, fish meal, wheat mill run, fish oil, vitamin E supplements, choline chloride, and many others.

Exo Terra: Premium ingredients including gammarus shrimp

LEEMart: Contains lots of essential vitamins and minerals and probiotics to support flora in the intestine

Wardley: A good source of calcium and vitamin C, free from harmful colors.

#2 What should you look for on the nutrition labels of commercial foods?

Protein, fat, vitamins and minerals are some essential nutrition that should have in the best red eared slider food. When you shooping around for commercial foods, choosing the brands that offer protein levels between 40-45%, and fat between 6-8%. You should also look for fishmeal to be one of the top three ingredients listed on the label. added vitamins and minerals also should not be out of the list.

#3 My pick

Actually, the brand of commercial food is a little less important than the live food you feed them. This is because no single food should be the staple diet for red eared slider. You can choose any brand that is carried by a reputable specialty pet store.

However, as a recommendation, I have been fed my pet with Zoo Med food for a long time. For those who have used turtle food before, you may get that you get being referred to using Zoo Med. This is because this brand is good in every aspect of making sure that you get the right food for the turtle. But Zoo Med is not only one food that have higher quality. The ingredients in the food you choose is always matter a lot.

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Frequently asked questions about best survival jacket


If you have ever into adventurous survival hikes or trip, you will know that clothes are not just only for aesthetic aspect, but also more important for protect yourself from environment elements and harsh weather. This is why you will need the best survival jacket.

Even if the temperature is freezing, when you are covered with the right jacket the temperature cannot defeat you. To ensure you choose the right survival jacket for your adventure in the cold, we are here to clear up some common question.

#1 Do you need a jacket that breathes?

There is always the case that you may get too hot in your jacket. You will want to buy a coat that do a great of keeping you warm, but perhaps too warm and you are begin sweat. If you don’t buy a jacket with breathable material, or includes vents, you might be overheated.

There is the tip if you wear these jackets is that you should choose a bigger jacket than your size to have room for layer and wear the moisture-wicking layer under the outer layer of jacket.

#2 What clothing are you should wear underneath the jacket?

The layers of your survival clothing are very important that determine how warm and comfortable you are. If you rely solely on the coat for moisture-wicking, you may sweat inside the jacket and the moisture also make you freeze due to poor undergarments.

You can get start with a base layer that keeps moisture away from your skin and then an insulation layer for keeping your body warm. And end up with the outer layer is survival jacket that wear on top of these layers to protect you from the elements and comfortably fits over these layers.

#3 Do you need a jacket with many pockets?

Yes, the more pockets the better. Any survival jacket will need some storage space as they are practical. You will get so much use out of the pockets and hidden pockets. It can be the source of supply for emergency items you need to take by your side.

Sunscreen, sunglasses, even small snacks, keys, tourniquet are these small things that can fit into those handy pockets and you can use immediately as you need. You won’t need to take your backpack off and find in a mess the things you need in a hurry.

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Best aquarium chiller: Active Aqua VS. Aqua Ero Max


We all know that high water temperatures can cause serious health hazards for your fish. Since the body temperature of the fish would be controlled by the surrounding temperature.

Although there are many ways to cool down your aquarium, a water chiller is absolutely the most effective and reliable method to cool down your aquarium. In this post, we are going to compare two of the best aquarium chiller: Active Aqua and Aqua Ero Max chiller.

#1 Overview

Active Aqua chiller is relatively common for aquarium keepers. It is environment friendly since this chiller is a Freon-free type. It is absolutely ideal for keeping the temperature inside your tank. It uses the R134a refrigerant.

Aqua Ero Max is the product that use Dupont refrigerant compressor, which ensures that the refrigeration of this chiller is environment friendly.

Both Active Aqua and Aqua Ero Max will work perfectly freshwater and saltwater aquarium as well. This is due to the titanium material that these chillers made of. Pure titanium is anti-corrosive which helps the chillers cannot be rusty. These two are considered as the best aquarium chillers.

#2 Capacity and energy consumption

Active Aqua is available in four sizes: 1 HP. ½ HP, ¼ HP and 1/10 HP. Due to this, Active Aqua can suit different sides of the aquarium from 13 to 250 gallons.

Aqua Ero Max is available in 1/13 HP, which is enough power to handle some different sized tanks. IT is ideal to use for up to 50 gallons tank. The advantage of this chiller is that it uses less power while providing effective cooling down for your tank. Aquarium Ero Max only works at 25% BTU/watt. Due to this, you will not concern about the amount of energy that you would use.

#3 Flow rate

It is important to get the right model with the best flow rate. Because the flow rate will determine how effective your chiller is to maintain the water temperature.

1/10 PH Active Aqua can provide the flow rate from 132 to 396 gallons per hour and flow rate of Aqua Ero Max is from 160 to 295 gallon per hour

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Buying Guide: Best Scope for Mini 14


The Mini 14 Ranch Rifle is a famous gun that you can find on the market today. This gun is famous for its strength, precision, reliability, and sturdiness. You need to use it with the best scope for mini 14, especially if you want to get all benefits from this gun. Here are some popular mini 14 scopes that are available today. These products offer a lot of benefits for all users.

#1 Vortex Optics Crossfire II Scout Riflescope

This unit is very ideal when it is used for your scout rifle. Its unique V-Plex reticle is popular among many people because it can serve as a powerful all-purpose hunting reticle. Its O-ring sealing is specially used to design this unit, so it can have an excellent waterproof and fog-proof capacity. It can offer fast-focus eyepiece, so you can enjoy having a fast and hassle-free experience when focusing its reticle.

#2 UTG Compact Scope 3-12×44

This is another popular scope for mini 14. Many people are interested in using this product because it has a compact size. It is very convenient for you to use this scope for supporting your shooting activities, such as tactical hunting, big game hunting, and also predator hunting. It has a highly-advanced IE reticle that can support personalized illumination and also multi-color settings. This unit can accommodate any lighting and weather conditions.

#3 Bushnell AR Optics BDC Ballistic Reticle Riflescope

This scope for mini 14 is very well-known for its maximum reliability and also accuracy in any tactical scenario. You can use this scope for improving your precision during dismal lighting and harsh weather conditions. This scope is supported by its multi-coated optical lenses. These lenses are specially added to this unit, so you can get a sharp, clear, and also a crisp view of your shooting target.

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How often do crested geckos eat?


Crested geckos are omnivores; in their natural habitat, they eat live insects, fruit and even nectar flowers. When you keep crested geckos as pets, it is seen to be quite simple to feed them with so many kinds and brands of commercial food for crested geckos out there.

There are only some basic rules that you have to pay attention to when feeding crested geckos such as how often do crested gecko eat and what is the ideal time to feeding them.

In this post, we will show you the good balance crested geckos feeding schedule to keep them always stay healthy.

How often should you feed your crested gecko?

Basically, crested geckos diet can consist of: commercial geckos food, insects and worms, fruit. When crested geckos become adults, they almost no longer growing. Therefore, crested geckos do not require to be fed every day, they even can go in a short time without food.

The baby geckos allowed to be fed a few times per day to ensure they have enough nutrients for growth and health. But you can feed the adult crested geckos for just 3 times per week with premix powder crested gecko’s food or granulated. Live insects can be provided once or twice a week.

You can give them fruits and worms as treat for only once or twice per month. Because there are lots of fat contained in worms that can cause obesity for your pet.

When to feed your crested gecko?

Crested geckos are crepuscular and nocturnal creatures. They are likely to take rest and hiding in their shelter place during the daytime.

And at night they tend to be more active and do all the activities. Therefore, it is better to feed your crested geckos in the evening.

Investing in the best reptile light bulbs at night is also a good option to make crested gecko more palatable. Light bulbs that simulate the moonlight are the best option.

Besides, do not forget to remove the uneaten food after 24 hours of feeding to prevent the build-up of bacteria in their cage and to avoid nasty smells.

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polish your vehicle

Do You Polish Your Vehicle Properly?

Guide and tips

Polishing your vehicle is one way of prolonging its lifespan and protecting your investment. Furthermore, a well-polished car speaks a lot about you, as the owner. The great thing about polishing your car is that you do not need to spend a fortune. Generally, there are two ways of polishing a car: polishing by hand and polishing using a polishing wheel. To learn how to polish your vehicle like a pro, keep reading. 

What you Need

Before you begin polishing your vehicle, ensure you have the following.

  • Water
  • Car soap
  • Sponge
  • A bucket
  • Polishing compounds
  • Polishing pads
  • Microfiber towels
  • Polishing wheel
polish vehicle
Polishing Keep Your Vehicle Clean

The Procedure

Step 1: Wash the Car

This is the first part where you are going to use water, soap, and sponge. Place the car under shade on steady ground and ensure there are no pets or any items near. Mix the water with soap and then start by splashing water on the wheels. Dip the sponge into the soapy water and use it to wash off the dirt from the wheels. It is advisable to start washing the wheels because the soap can damage the car paint if left on for a long time. Once done with the wheels, proceed to clean the other parts of the vehicle. 

Always start washing by spraying water since the water helps to remove debris and dirt stuck on the paint as well as other areas. Rinse the vehicle, starting from the top to the bottom while paying extra attention to the wheels since they hold the most dirt. Do not wipe.

Step 2: Polish the Vehicle

As mentioned previously, there are two ways of polishing a vehicle: by hand and by using a polishing wheel. Even though hand polishing a car is time-consuming and takes a lot of effort, it is the best option if you do not know how to use a polishing wheel. Hand polishing your vehicle also helps you reach those areas that a polishing wheel cannot reach. 

To hand polish a car; you need a car polisher, polishing pads and microfiber cloths. Take the polishing pad, place a small amount of the polishing compound on it, and polish the car in a circular motion. Once you are done polishing the whole car with the compound, wipe the vehicle down using one of the microfiber towels.

If you are polishing the car using a polishing wheel, ensure the wheel has an attached polishing pad. Additionally, ensure the polishing machine is set on three or four as this is the ideal setting for vehicle polishing. Before you begin, dip the pad in clean water and wing out excess water. The pad needs to stay wet to avoid ruining the car paint. 

Using one of the polishing pads, rub some polishing compound on the car’s surface and then turn on the machine. Alternatively, you can rub the polishing compound on the pad attached to the polishing wheel. Polish by moving the polishing wheel sideways then from the front to the back. Repeat this on every part of the car. 

Be sure to move to the next part once you get the glossy shine. If you continue to polish an already glossy area, you can easily dull it. You will need to rinse the pad attached to the polishing machine once the compound builds up on it. Do this to avoid messing up the polishing with the excess polishing compound. 

There are two types of car polishing compounds: liquid and paste car compounds. Paste compounds require more effort to apply but are economical. On the other hand, liquid compounds are easy to apply. If you are using a paste compound, a polishing machine will make it easier for you to spread it. 

Check out some of the best car polisher for more information on the best car polishing compounds in the market. Remember to read the instructions on the polishing compound so you can achieve the best results.

Step 3: Wax the Car

Waxing the vehicle after polishing it helps in covering the imperfections on the car surface, as well as the swirl marks. Also, waxing the car helps protect the vehicle’s finish from further damage.

Use a 60: 40 ratio to mix the paste wax and finishing polish accordingly.  Take a polishing pad and apply this mixture on the pad. Using a back and forth motion, apply this mix on the car surface while applying a bit of pressure. 

Step 4: Remove Excess Wax

Use a microfiber towel to remove excess wax from the surface of the vehicle and then leave it to dry. For a thorough job, you can clean the interior of the car as the wax is drying. This includes the seats, the floor, and any other interior surface.

Polishing your vehicle regularly keeps it looking its best. However, the process can damage the car’s paint if done more frequently. It is best to polish your car every once a year to preserve its color. Also, you can regularly wax after a few months.

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Should you use the best mercury vapour bulb for bearded dragons?


Bearded dragons are one of the most common species to keep because they are easy-going, docile, and can live long in captivity. But they also have some proper requirement about lighting and heating in their enclosure.

The lighting set up in bearded dragons tank should mimic what they have in the wild as closely as possible. Ensure that even in the tank your bearded dragons still have ultraviolet light, which they receive from the sunlight in natural. Moreover, your beardie also need the heat to regulate their body temperature. Those are the reason why you should get the best mercury bulb for bearded dragon.

Why you should need the mercury vapour bulbs?

The mercury vapour bulbs have more than one advantage for your bearded dragons. Normally, you should use 2-3 types of bulbs to provide UVA, UVB and heat for your pet. But with one mercury vapour bulb, bearded dragons will get both ultraviolet lights and the heat at the same time.

The best mercury vapor bulb for reptiles has the average life expectancy much longer than the other types of bulbs. This has made them valuables for some purpose throughout the years. It is also believed that using these bulbs can improve bearded dragon appetite, colouration and energy.

Some researching supposed that this mercury vapour bulbs could get damage to your pet due to its high intensity of the UV rays. To ensure your bearded dragon’s safety, place the bulb far from your pet about 12 to 24 inches and do not forget to provide them with the plenty of shade or someplace to hide.

Mercury vapour bulb pros

In compare with the other bulbs such as incandescent and some fluorescent options, mercury vapour bulbs have more efficiency of luminous while using less energy.

Mercury vapour bulbs are valued over LED lights on their ability to produce very clean white light.

Mercury vapour bulbs have a long life; the average life expectancy of them is up to 24,000 hours.

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Best places to buy cannabis seeds (all ship to USA)


Top 8 Best Cannabis Seed Banks 2020

#1 Crop King Seeds Bank

This is the best place to buy cannabis seeds. Delivery is done within two weeks after making an order. You can order from hybrid or Indica strains, which have over 80 percent germination ratio.

#2 Seedsman Seed Bank

Seedsman Company was started in 2003. It has since been renowned for offering quality marijuana seeds. They have over 3000 different strains of marijuana seeds in their collection.

#3 Seed Supreme Seed Bank

This seed bank was established in 2013 in England. It provides great quality cannabis seeds of different strains to the whole world. Shipping takes 15-30 days to reach the US. They have a collection of over 4000 different strains of seeds.

#4 Marijuana Seed Limited

This is best place to buy marijuana seeds online in the USA. Delivery is made within 20 days after making an order. The marijuana seeds made by experts have a germinating ratio of over 90 percent.

#5 Amsterdam Marijuana Seed Bank

This is one of the best seed banks with many years of experience regarding different marijuana strain genetics. Clients can make orders to their specifications, such as yield amount, different sizes, and flowering time.

#6 True North Seed Bank Review

True North Seed Bank sells to international markets, including the US. Delivery takes between 5 to 14 days. Orders can be paid for using credit cards, debit cards, money orders, cash, or bitcoin.

#7 Attitude Seed Bank Review

This company offers over 2000 strains of marijuana. They allow you to decide on the different types and brands you like. They give assurance for delivery.

#8 Quebec Cannabis Seed Bank

This seed bank was established in 2012. They offer high-quality marijuana seeds. Their collection includes Rmegular, Sativa, Feminized, Auto-flowering, and Indica. The cannabis seeds have a high germinating ratio.

All the above are reliable seedbanks ship US that offer high quality marijuana seeds. Clients are assured of great product delivery within the specified time.

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